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The Lion Gate at ancient Mycenae. Photo: Dick Cretcher.

Mycenae (mye-SEE-nee). Actual city of the Heroic Age, of great wealth as revealed by archaeology. In myth, Mycenae was said to have been founded by Perseus and later ruled by Heracles' cousin Eurystheus. Heracles himself would have been king of Mycenae and neighboring Tiryns as well, but Hera arranged it that Eurystheus ruled in his stead.