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Like the daughters of Danaus, Sisyphus was condemned to an afterlife of perpetual labor. Every time he rolled a boulder to the top of a hill, it rolled back down again. (Here he pauses at the top in pathetic optimism that the boulder will stay put.) Scene from Wrath of the Gods.

Danaus (DAN-ay-us). King of Argos, who instructed his fifty daughters to kill their husbands on their wedding night. The fifty husbands were duly murdered. And in consequence, the daughters of Danaus were condemned to an afterlife of perpetual labor, carrying water from the river Styx in leaky jars.