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The Black Sea was known to the ancient Greeks as the Euxine. The word literally means "hospitable". It was probably a euphemism (a mild word substituting for a harsh reality).

Black Sea. The shore of this inland sea north of the Asian portion of modern Turkey was just far enough from Greece that it was thought of as a land of strange and mysterious wonders. Thus it was the mythological land of the Amazons, prodigious huntresses who shunned men except when it was time to produce offspring for their tribe. It was to Colchis on the Black Sea coast that Jason and the Argonauts journeyed in quest of the Golden Fleece.